If I describe wildlife in short then it refers to wild plants and animals which inhabit their original natural habitats away from human dominance and control.
Wild plants and wild animals can not be ordinarily cultivated and domesticated respectively.
Here in this article, you will come to know about World Wildlife Day, which is observed on 3rd March every year to aware public globally.
This day also speaks about the importance of wildlife (an integral and essential part of our ecosystem) and to take emergence action together for its conservation as it is depleting day by day.
At this point, a quotation of great statesman of our country Pandit Ji is hitting in my mind, which is –
” Wildlife refers to the magnificent animals of our jungles and to the beautiful birds that brighten our lives.
But life would become dull and colourless if we did not have these magnificent animals and birds to look at and to play with.
We must try to preserve whatever is left of our forests and the wildlife that inhabits them.”
The historical significance of this day
Do you aware or not, but the first world wildlife day was celebrated in the year 2014.
The story behind the celebration is that on 20th December 2013 General Assembly of United Nations (UNGA) at its 68th session came to a decision to declare 3rd march as world wildlife day which was declared by Thailand to observe & increase awareness of the whole world’s wild flora and fauna.
The significance of choosing the date 3rd march is that the 3rd March of the year 1973 is recognised as the international adoption day of the CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species) of wild flora and fauna.
This Wildlife Day is an event to praise the different flawless and shifted types of wild animals and blossoms and too to bring issues to light of the large number of advantages that their protection gives to individuals.
At the same time, this day recaps us of the urgent need to stand up and fight against the wildlife crime and human-induced reduction of species, which have wide-ranging financial, ecological and social influences.
Themes for World Wildlife Day
Here below in the diagram, I have mentioned celebration themes of the respective years. Here you go!
Why do we celebrate World Wildlife Day?
The main purpose of the celebration is to protect & conserve wildlife for the better functioning of all life forms on the planet by awaking public about its importance.
Benefits of wildlife conservation or the objectives of conserving wildlife are very helpful to us, like – It helps in biosphere maintenance & proper ecological balancing in nature.
With the proper care & management of wildlife, we can yield economical gain, as wildlife is a renewable natural resource. It has a high commercial value.
Biological research on them helps us finding the efficacy of new medicines and which are applied first to them before applying to us.
The aesthetic value of wildlife is very much appreciated by every one of us.
For example, the elegance of peacock, the melody of birds, playful activities of dolphins, the majesty of elephants, the gracefulness of beasts etc.
Celebration through Twitter
I'll be presenting in a Data4Good #WorldWildlifeDay webinar about how data can inform & drive #wildlife #conservation. Of course I'll be talking about @FrogIDAus! 🐸— Jodi Rowley (@jodirowley) February 18, 2021
12pm AEDT 4th March. Register here: https://t.co/oMUElG4cxS pic.twitter.com/CYvThkJXdP
Raising awareness for forest & wildlife conservation, the winners of the #WorldWildlifeDay Film Showcase w/ @CITES & @JacksonWild on the theme of 'Forests and Livelihoods: Sustaining People & Planet' will be announced on 3 March. Here is more 👉 https://t.co/pltlEcNdjh #WWD2021— Achim Steiner (@ASteiner) February 17, 2021
On Feb. 25, the Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission will vote on new rules to end the importation, breeding and sale of green iguanas and tegu lizards as pets! Submit comments in SUPPORT of the rules: https://t.co/CU7eXQ929Y (agenda item "5.A. Invasive Reptiles"). pic.twitter.com/rqKDKlSTDQ— ARFF (@animalrightsfl) February 18, 2021
Measures were taken by our Indian government to conserve wildlife
India government has taken so many steps in order to conserve its wildlife. Here I have mentioned some of them.
- In the 1972 Wildlife Protection Act, the India government created protected areas like Sanctuaries, National Parks, Conservation Reserves, Community Reserves.
- The government has passed the Indian Wildlife Act in 1972 for the protection of flora and fauna species. According to this Act poaching & hunting of animals is strictly prohibited and legally provided protection to their habitats.
- ‘Project Tiger’ was launched in 1973 to protect tigers. Now we have 50 tiger reserves in our nation and is governed by the NTCA (National Tiger Conservation Authority).
- It has launched other projects like the project tiger, that is – Project Hangul, Project Elephant, Indian Crocodile Conservation Project, Action Plan for Vulture Conservation in India, Protected Areas Networks’ and many others.
- To protect, conserve & manage India’s Wetlands, Wetland Rules have been made in 2010. The government has also started the scheme, National Plan for Conservation of Aquatic Ecosystem. Dolphins are declared as the National Aquatic Animal by the government of India, which are found in the Brahmaputra, Ganga & Maghna region.
- Wildlife Crime Control Bureau has been set up to stop the illegal trade of wildlife.
- Organisations that are established to manage research on the protection of wildlife are Bombay Natural History Society, Wildlife Institute of India, Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology & Natural History.
- E-surveillance has been started in the borders of Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary (Madhya Pradesh), & in Kaziranga National Park (Assam).
- To conserve wildlife in India there are some laws enacted by legislative bodies that are, Animal Welfare Board of India, Coastal Regulation Zone, Central Zoo Authority, National Ganga River Basin Authority, Wildlife Crime Control Bureau.
- The government has banned the veterinary use of diclofenac drug to check the gradually less population of gyps’ vulture in India.
How to save wildlife in our future
In order to save and manage wildlife the following methods have been recommended by various wildlife organisations.
Restoration of habitat: Cutting trees from wildlife habitat should be prohibited and instead of that extensive reforestation should be undertaken to rectify the mistakes committed earlier.
Human interference should be prohibited and wildlife should be provided better living conditions according to their particular habitat.
Breeding in captivity: The endangered species should be allowed to breed in protected conditions as National Parks & Sanctuaries. After raising the number, they may be released in natural habitats to further multiply.
Reintroduction: Depletion of any wildlife species in a particular habitat can be compensated by reintroducing them collected from other habitats or by breeding in captivity.
Establishment of prohibited reserves like, in our India we have National Parks, Sanctuaries, Tiger Reserves, Biosphere Reserves.
Mass awareness: The significance of wildlife conservation should be conveyed to the public which could be achieved by celebrating wildlife awareness days, publicity through social media & film show, holding lectures, seminars, conducted tours, settings by nature clubs and so on.
Enaction of wildlife laws: All the wildlife laws should implement strictly and should be a punishable offence to him who kill or injure certain wild animals declared protected.
Here is a short video that I am adding here on the occasion of wildlife day. You can watch to know why it is important to save our nature and wildlife.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. Who started world wildlife day?
The UNGA (United Nations General Assembly) first proclaimed and started this day. In 2014 it was observed for the first time.
2. Why this day is celebrated?
This world wildlife day is celebrated worldwide to make known people about the importance of wildlife and to protect it through our deeds from extinction.
3. Do you want to be a part of conserving wildlife & why?
Yes, definitely and everyone should be. Because wildlife is beneficial in every aspect of mankind. They are renewable natural resources.
It helps in maintaining the ecological equilibrium of nature. Destruction in wildlife would disturb the balance.
For example, by killing carnivorous wild animals, the herbivores would increase which destroy the forest vegetation and cultivated lands. Which then affect the rainfall and also the economy of our farmers.
So, it is high time to protect wildlife and need for conservation for our sake
4. Which state celebrates an annual three-day wildlife festival called the “Mogli Utsav”?
Madhya Pradesh celebrates the ‘Mogli Utsav’ a wildlife festival of 3 days that is from 7th November to 9th November every year.
This festival is organised at the Pench Tiger Reserve of Bhopal where 4 students (2 boys & 2 girls) and a teacher from each district has participated.