World-wide the “World Nature Conservation Day” is observed on 28th July every year. Although the founder and the history of this day are unknown, its main objective is to protect, conserve and maintain nature, natural resources and habitats. To fulfil our every requirement and wanting’s, directly or indirectly we depend upon to nature. Nature provides us with food, shelter, water, material for cloths and all other essential elements to living life better. Earth is the only planet where life exists. So, it is very much important to protect and conserve the nature from so many threats and the factors affecting to make a suitable environment for today and for future generations.
Threats to Nature:
1. Degradation of natural habitats
Various human and natural activities have made the habitats unsuitable. Natural calamities like earthquakes, floods, volcanic eruptions. Diseases like COVID-19 pandemic results in the loss of our natural home. Man-made like cutting of forests, for settlements due to overpopulation and industries, overexploitation of natural resources etc. leads to habitat loss and loss of nature.
Terrestrial land, lakes, marshes, wetland and rivers are threatened by domestic pollution from industrial pollutants, untreated sewage and toxic effluents. Besides this, agricultural run-offs containing chemical fertilizers and pesticides have increased the toxicity of ponds and lakes making them unsuitable for the aquatic organisms. The ecosystem of coral reef are facing threats due to the effluents from the industries, thermal overplants, chemical pollution and oil spillage. All of these activities lead to the extinction of many species. Oil spillage only accounts for the death of 50,000 to 2,50,000 birds per year. Many marine and land animals are dying due to the deposition of plastics in their body.
3. Loss of Biodiversity
Ultimately the result of every threat implies the loss of biodiversity. It is a huge threat to nature as biodiversity provides us with food, fodder, fuel, textiles, medicines etc. Many industries like resin, wax, plywood, paper, turpentine etc depend upon the diverse life forms. According to the findings of the world conservation monitoring centre, approximately 533 animal species and 384 plant species have become extinct during the last 500 years.
All of our careless activities input a ripple effect and cause to the depletion of natural resources, ecosystem imbalance. We also face the problems of global warming, natural disasters and diseases like COVID-19. The only way to save our future and to get rid of the problems is to conserve nature and natural resources in an effective manner.
Steps to conserve nature and natural resources
Human being s are exploiting natural resources, which are limited and takes millions of years for formation. We human beings are the great threat to nature and its resources as the necessity are progressing and we are using it carelessly in day to day life. So, it is very necessary to save and conserve it. Some of the steps to conserve are,
- First of all, we have to educate people, concerning about its bad impact on our society and the whole world. We all should be aware and individually take a serious step to conserve nature and natural resources. Students in schools, Colleges, and all other educational institutions should be provided knowledge about it, as they are the future and they have the power of revolution to make a better world.
- Using the abundant energy resources, solar and wind energy. By using the water resources without wasting.
- Plant more trees to maintain the ecosystem and to prevent soil erosion.
- In catchment areas grow vegetation. By using organic compost, grow your own vegetables. Don’t use plastics. Instead of that, we can use biodegradable and recyclable products which will not harm nature.
- Save electricity.
- Try to reduce the use of automobiles which are emitting harmful gases. Do not pollute your environment.
- Personally, with your works and dedication to nature, be a part to conserve biodiversity as it is very important for the maintenance of ecological balance.
IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural resources) is the international organization which is working in the field of conservation of nature and for sustainable use of natural resources. It has the aim to encourage, assist and influence to the world society to conserve nature and ensure that any use of resources should be ecologically sustainable. It works involved gathering and analysis of data, field projects, research, education and advocacy.
India has undertaken 5 initiative to conserve nature
1. Waste management under Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan:
Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan was launched by our Honourable Prime Minister Sri Narendra Modi in 2014. It is a mass movement of cleanliness, and under this mass movement, the initiative was taken up to reduce waste production and improve the process of waste management.
The main objective is to recycle the of waste, effectively recover the resources and provide income and employment in this field. A “spot fine” program is introduced by a state government of India for providing jobs by introducing the integration of waste dealers and waste pickers.
2. Nagar Van Udyan scheme:
This scheme launched by the ministry of environment, forest and climate. Especially we can not see green areas or forest areas in the big cities due to lack of space. So, this scheme has its goal of creation of at least one forest area in every city having a municipal corporation. The initiative is taken to create 200 city forests in India, which is an accurate step for the conservation of nature and make a fresh environment.
3. Mangroves for the future:
The largest mangrove forest in India is the Sundarvana Forest of West Bengal. Mangroves are important to us as they protect the coastal areas and the organisms living there. For the restoration of the mangroves, the government has recognised 4 coral-reefs and 42 sites. In the last few years, mangroves have increased by more than 100 sq. km due to the implementation of the projects.
4. Project Tiger:
It is a Tiger conservation programme launched in 1973 during Prime Minister Indira Gandhi‘s tenure to save the tiger from extinction. Kailash Sankhala was the first director of Project Tiger. As the Bengal Tiger is the national animal of India, this project aims to stem the dwindling population of the big cats and work to increase their numbers. Its objectives are to protect, restore habitat, monitoring eco-development of the tribal people in buffer areas. This project has seen success and the number of tigers increased, that is in 2011 the number of tigers was 1710, and in 2014 the no. raise to 2226.
5. National wetland conservation program:
This program has approximately 115 wetlands, identified around the country for conservation and management. This was really a great program initiated by our governments to save our environment. This programme aims to create awareness among people and tell them the use of wetlands, and to conserve it in order to protect further degradation.
Quotes: Nature conservation day
1. “I only feel angry when I see waste. When I see people throwing away things we could use.” — Mother Teresa
2. “The Earth is what we all have in common.” — Wendell Berry
3. “Progress is impossible without change, and those who cannot change their minds cannot change anything.” – George Bernard Shaw
4. “Time spent among trees is never time wasted.” —Anonymous
5. “Away, away, from men and towns,
To the wildwood and the downs,
To the silent wilderness,
Where the soul need not repress its music.” — Percy Bysshe Shelley
6. “He that plants trees love others besides himself.” — Thomas Fuller
7. “Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world; indeed, it is the only thing that ever has.” — Margaret Mead
8. “One of the first conditions of happiness is that the link between man and nature shall not be broken.” — Leo Tolstoy
9. “The environment is where we all meet; where we all have a mutual interest; it is the one thing all of us share.” – Lady Bird Johnson
10. “The Earth will not continue to offer its harvest, except with faithful stewardship. We cannot say we love the land and then take steps to destroy it for use by future generations.” — John Paul II
11. “Nature provides us with the most effective therapy for depression and that too for free. So preserve it and wish everyone a very Happy World Nature Conservation Day!” – Thebrandboy
12. “The beautiful Earth should be saved and we all should try our best to conserve it. Happy World Nature Conservation Day!” – Thebrandboy
Save the Environment|Save Life
Nobody knows what critical situation may face our world! Nowadays the people of the whole world are facing COVID-19 and so many people are dying. It’s a big threat to the human civilization so it is upon us that we should obey all the nature conservational rules and its regulation. In this world lockdown situation, we should celebrate this day by spreading a message about the significance of nature conservation day with our family and friends using #world nature conservation day on social media. So be as part of it, aware people, make them fall in love with nature and its resources.
Wishing you all a very happy Nature Conservation Day 2020.
If you want to read more like this awareness day, then click here.